It is essential to know a few things: what are electric vehicles and how they work before learning about the advantages of electric cars.
- What are Electric Cars?
- How does Electric Car work?
- Latest Electric Cars in India
- Advantages of Electric Cars
- Disadvantages of Electric Cars
- Frequently Asked Questions (F.A.Qs)
- Q 1. When will electric cars come to India?
- Q 2. How to charge electric cars in India?
- Q 3. Where to charge electric cars in India?
- Q 4. Are there any government subsidies for Electric Cars in India?
- Q 5. Why are electric cars costly?
- Q 6. Why are electric cars not popular in India?
- Q7. What are the differences between Electric Cars and Hybrid Cars?
What are Electric Cars?
An electric vehicle or EV is an automobile that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy stored in its rechargeable batteries. Compared with the regular combustion engine cars, electric cars are quieter, don’t have any tailpipe emissions, and hence, don’t emit any gases. Electric Cars are Zero-Emission and Non-Polluting Vehicles. Charging an electric car can be done at charging stations which electric companies can install in both houses and public areas.
How does Electric Car work?
EVs run on battery, which has electric motors which generate power to run the vehicles. The battery gives power to the electric motor and hence the car rolls. To know more, you can read this article.
Latest Electric Cars in India
There are only three automakers at present who are providing EVs in the Indian market, viz. Hyundai India, MG Motors and TATA Motors.
First in the list is the Tata Tiago EV. It’s the cheapest EV so far in the Indian market. It has an average price of ₹ 9.54 Lakhs (*Ex-Showroom).
The Tata Nexon EV is also an affordable EV for the Indian people. It’s price starts from ₹ 13.99 Lakhs (*Ex-Showroom).
Next comes in the line is the MG ZS EV by MG Motors. It is a nice EV considered to be in the SUV sector. The price starts at ₹ 19.88 Lakhs (*Ex-Showroom).
Advantages of Electric Cars
Cheaper to run
EVs are cheaper to run. As the electricity we use can be from our domestic electric supply. And electricity is not as expensive as gas or other fuels like petrol or diesel.
Cheaper to maintain
EVs don’t have much set up as regular combustion engine cars have. So it’s maintenance cost is low concerning combustion engine cars.
Better for the environment
EVs are better modes of transportation, and it’s good for the environment, hence for us. An EV is a non-polluting vehicle, and so it doesn’t create air pollution.
As EV is a non-polluting vehicle, so it impacts on us and the environment is high. As cars contribute 27% to air pollution, we can reduce this percentage if people use more electric vehicles than regular combustion vehicles. Thus, we can live in a better healthy environment.
EVs are safer to drive as they come with a lot of safety features like cruise control, attraction control, ABS (Anti-Lock Braking System), airbags, parking sensors as well as typical sensors to avoid from a collision. EVs also provide excellent security from intruders.
EVs are usually quieter than regular combustion engine vehicles. They have high torque and power; hence they have excellent acceleration. Sometimes EVs are seen faster than standard cars. Not only this, but also they are comfortable to ride, very responsive, making the driving experience great.
The future of driving is electric
With an increase in the number of electric cars day by day, we can see an “electric future”. What if everything around us runs on electricity, including vehicles, there will be no air pollution from cars at least.
Electricity is Less Expensive than Gas
As already mentioned, electricity is cheaper than gas and other fuels; it will be affordable to run electric vehicles.
Become energy independent
Buying a regular combustion engine car means you have to stick to fuel pumps for fueling your vehicles, while we can charge EVs from solar power connected to our homes and other charging stations. It makes EVs energy independent and eco-friendly.
While knowing the advantages of electric cars, why should we not learn about a few disadvantages of this car?
Disadvantages of Electric Cars
Mileage or range of EVs
Mileage of most EVs is not that great as compared to combustion engine vehicles. It can hardly run for 350 kilometres with a full charge.
Charging EVs can be a hassle sometimes and a matter of patience
Charging of most EVs takes time. It’s not like combustion engine cars; you go to a fuel station to refuel your vehicle. You have to visit a charging station and wait for 30 – 40 minutes or even more than that to get the EVs charged enough to run for a few hours.
Initial Investment for EVs is high
The price of the EVs is high and no doubt it can be a problem for many of us to invest a considerable amount in EVs because of its few disadvantages.
Availability of charging stations
The number of charging stations is less, and hence, it is still a problem to charge our EVs if we are far from the charging stations.
Less amount of choices
In the Indian market, only fours EVs are available so far, and we don’t have many options to choose. Hence, we may have to compromise in many cases.
Frequently Asked Questions (F.A.Qs)
Q 1. When will electric cars come to India?
Ans. EVs or electric vehicles are already available in India. A few more cars are also coming soon to the Indian market.
Q 2. How to charge electric cars in India?
Ans: You can charge your electric cars at your home using IEC 60309 Industrial connector. Also, you can charge them at the public charging stations. For more details, read this article.
Q 3. Where to charge electric cars in India?
Q 4. Are there any government subsidies for Electric Cars in India?
Ans: There are some schemes provided by both the Central Government and the individual State governments of India on purchase of Electric Cars. For more information, please refer to the State Government websites or the EV dealers.
Q 5. Why are electric cars costly?
Ans: The batteries of the electric cars are very powerful as you can image, a car is moving with the power of a battery. Hence, the cost of the battery is very high, compared to the batteries of combustion vehicles. And this makes electric cars expensive in price. If you want to know more, you can also read this article.
Q 6. Why are electric cars not popular in India?
Ans: The main problems are the price of the cars, the availability of charging stations, the less variety of vehicles, feasibility of charging, awareness, government’s initiative and good incentive programs.
Although the price of the EVs is more than regular combustion engine cars still people could have bought it. But there is no such government’s initiative to promote and aware people about EVs, about the advantages of using EVs.
There are very few EV charging stations nowadays, and they are mostly available in the cities only.
We have seen that there are only a few varieties of EVs available in the Indian market, so there are significantly fewer options for people to choose.
Q7. What are the differences between Electric Cars and Hybrid Cars?
Ans: Simply, Electric Cars run on electric motors only while Hybrid Cars run with the help of both regular combustion engine and electric motor.